Leaderless Emergence Order

What happens when there is no leader? Starlings, bees, and ants manage just fine. In fact, they form staggeringly complicated societies — all without a Toscanini to conduct them into harmony. This hour of Radiolab, we ask how this happens. http://www.radiolab.org/story/91500-emergence/

Swarm Theory and Swarm Intelligence are essentially what’s covered in the Radiolab piece, both related to Spontaneous order and scale-free networks. For more on spontaneous order see these onsite posts: this and this.

Elinor Ostrom explored this as well to some degree with a different angle.

“Design principles” of common pool resource management (book, audio summary)

  1. Clearly defined boundaries (effective exclusion of external un-entitled parties)
  2. Rules regarding the appropriation and provision of common resources that are adapted to local conditions
  3. Collective-choice arrangements that allow most resource appropriators to participate in the decision-making process
  4. Effective monitoring by monitors who are part of or accountable to the appropriators
  5. A scale of graduated sanctions for resource appropriators who violate community rules
  6. Mechanisms of conflict resolution that are cheap and of easy access
  7. Self-determination of the community recognized by higher-level authorities
  8. In the case of larger common-pool resources, organization in the form of multiple layers of nested enterprises, with small local common pool resources at the base level.

Also see: PDF- Coping With the Tragedy of the Commons


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